During my recent trip to Ohio, I met a man named Don Slater from southeastern Ohio who regaled me with endless examples of how people from his neck of the woods (centered on Noble County, but down into eastern Kentucky and Tennessee) talk.
People from Noble County don't butcher a hog, they "burcher" it.
They don't say "ain't that awful" or "tain't that awful". They say "hain't that awful". Don said he thought that pronunciation might have some Irish influence behind it.
One of the most amazing expressions Don taught me was one he said is used around Gatlinburg, Tennessee: "beyall". See if you can figure out what it means before you turn to the next page. HINT: this expression is often used by waiters and waitresses in restaurants.
Try again. SECOND HINT: it is a question — "beyall?"
THIRD HINT: it is equal to four words in standard English". NO MORE HINTS.
"Will that be all?"
Here's a set of sentences from Noble County with three homonyms that are completely separate morphemes:
1. How fur is it to Caldwell?
2. What did you do that fur?
3. That bear has thick fur.
A few more words as they are spoken in Noble County:
1. koelidz — a place where you go to receive higher education
2. bulgee — subject you might study at a koelidz
3. daiton — city in southwestern Ohio
4. murrow — large painting on a wall
5. westcomsin — name of a northern state
For southern Ohio "probably" –> "pry", see starting at 0:47 in this YouTube:
Here's another YouTube on "Southern Ohio Slang":
My Mom (and everybody in my family following her) always used to refer to bell peppers as "mangoes"*. When I joined the Peace Corps and went to South Asia, I got to know what real mangoes are. The speaker in this video gives a good explanation of why people in southern Ohio call bell peppers "mangoes", starting at 1:56. Around 5:30 she discusses a "non-verbal 'hey'". There are dozens of other intriguing expressions that she introduces, including "a lick" = a little bit (8:23), "born in a barn" = be rude, have no manners, forgot to close the door when you came in (my Mom used to say that too; 9:30), "get on" = leave (10:13), "done did" = did (12:00), "et" = ate (12:43), and many others. The speaker says "I don't know" about almost everything and giggles a great deal. Nevertheless, she offers a lot of interesting information about southern Ohio speech.
*[From Portuguese manga, fruit of the mango tree, from Malayalam māṅṅa or a kindred Dravidian source; akin to Tamil mā, mānti, māti. (American Heritage Dictionary). Borrowed into Sinitic as mángguǒ 芒果, probably through Malay mangga, with the second syllable, guǒ 果 ("fruit"), being a convenient phono-semantic match.]